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Hard putty of a floor: how to make a wooden and concrete floor ideal


Wood flooring has always been in demand and relevant. Moreover, even now, along with more progressive and unusual solutions for home, wood trimming is the most popular option.

To improve the technical characteristics of the board, it is necessary from time to time to adjust the wood sheet. For this most often used putty on wood for the floor. This building material is striking in its versatility, as it is used for many purposes.



How does wood putty work?

Putty for wooden floors with their own hands or with the help of specialists is required not only if the floor covering is completely changed. Good putty can significantly update the old flooring. High-quality cosmetic repair without this material is impossible.

Putty and relatively new floor. This is necessary to hide all defects and cracks in the floor covering. No matter how spectacular the color may be, no matter how sophisticated texture would entice you, if the surface is not smooth enough, the entire aesthetic effect is lost.

Why putty concrete floors?

It would be a mistake to assume that plastering of the floor is necessary only if it is necessary to work with wooden parts. In fact, concrete floor putty is also widely used. Concrete floors are characterized by high strength, but if there are even the smallest defects or joints that have been poorly painted over, the canvas will begin to rapidly collapse.

If poor quality materials were used to make concrete or construction technology was violated, it is simply necessary to process the floors with various putties.

Choosing a putty is not so easy. First you need to well study the species diversity and range of products of this profile.

All fillers are divided into two global categories: basic and finishing. Also, modern manufacturers offer potential buyers materials of a universal type (intermediate). They are suitable for any type of operation, as well as well "take root" on any surface. With their help, plastering of the floor under linoleum is carried out, the canvas on the wooden floor is being improved, the operational characteristics of the self-leveling floor are improved.

Really skillfully selected and high-quality putty, you can even any surface, to mask even the largest gap. By component composition for these purposes, you can choose the fillers of the following types:

  • Cement;
  • Lime based;
  • Oily;
  • Glue;
  • Lacquer;
  • Polymeric nature or acrylic.

Often, the standard formula is attempted to be improved by polyester and polyurethane additives, as well as other components, which to some extent improve the quality of the finishing material. Puttying can be carried out both in liquid and thick formulations.

The first type is represented by self-leveling compounds that only treat concrete surfaces. Such mixtures under their own weight are distributed over the floor, filling the cavities of the cracks, creating a perfectly smooth canvas. This technique is also called "solid filling."

Both basic and finishing putty for leveling the floor can be intended solely for wood flooring. However, it is possible to putty with similar materials and other cloths. It all depends on the characteristics of the composition and individual characteristics of the floor.

In order to improve the wooden floor, the following types of putties are best suited:

  • Acrylic putty;
  • Based on various solvents;
  • Oil analogues;
  • Polymer putty (also used for lamination).

Cement and known putty are not used for the treatment of wooden surfaces. Also extremely rarely used adhesives.

Mix for putty DIY

The tree is quite possible to handle and putty, created by himself. How to make and what components are best for choosing, it is possible to look at any construction portal. However, not every recipe is successful, but it is necessary to check the quality of the finished putty in the course of practical experiments.

To make wood putty, you can safely use the following components in the specified quantity:

  • Drying oil or any of its analogs (about 600 gr.);
  • Glue of vegetable or animal origin (150 gr.);
  • Turpentine (120 grams);
  • Liquid desiccant (about 25 grams).

You will also need chalk (dry and very carefully sifted) and soap. Glue of animal origin is slowly heated, soap is added there. Gradually introduce all the steel components of the future putty. Chalk supplement should be mixed with the composition at the very least. The mixture is thoroughly mixed, waiting until the homemade putty gets the necessary thickness.

An important rule: the mixture for screed wooden floor should not be cold. With its help level the flooring or immediately after production, or preheating in a water bath.

To quickly select a putty, most buyers do not pay enough attention to the characteristics of the composition, and prefer the most popular option of all. Gypsum mix - the most popular putty for the floor.

The main advantages:

  • No shrinkage;
  • Extremely low price;
  • The ability to make a perfectly flat screed under the flooring of linoleum and other coatings.

Only one layer of selected plaster mix is ​​able to solve all the finishing tasks. The only drawback is that materials cannot be used for rooms where it is always very humid. These are bathrooms, toilet, kitchen.

Acrylic blends

If you need to improve the surface of the "fresh" floor under the laminate, acrylic is most often used. The mixture allows you to get rid of deep cracks, eliminate seams and traces of the removal of reinforcement elements, as well as other specific damage.

Putty mixes are practiced for finishing any wooden surfaces. Plywood is also a specific form of wood. That is why the plywood laying on the floor is complemented by spackling works. This is necessary in order to lay a new linoleum over the plywood.

The main advantages of the material:

  • Optimal filling of voids, cracks, elimination of other defects;
  • Strengthening of difficult areas by tightening damaged fragments;
  • The ability to create a perfectly flat and durable canvas, ready for further processing;
  • Resistance to moisture, chemicals, microbes, mold, fungi.

Acrylic is practical and durable, it is not afraid of high temperatures. All its technical characteristics putty manifests after complete solidification.

What kind of putty to choose, can advise the usual consultant in the hardware store. So, for example, putty plywood is often carried out using putty based on special solvents. Means well proves on parquet floors and various wood bases. Manufacturers emphasize that this type of mixture is suitable for the improvement of warm and self-leveling floors.

Waterproofing analogues

This is a special category of flooring mixes. Waterproofing materials are used as an independent coating. If the repair is taking place with a rather meager budget, it will be a good solution to save money.